Correct understanding of the world helps better to foothold in it and to exploit all the possibilities. Successfully achieve the target, without paying attention to the non-existent factors. This section is dedicated to the most common questions and statements of believers and answers to them. It can be helpful in finding and explaining evidences, why God is just an illusion, created by the human mind, with all features and characteristics of illusion. We hope, that this section will be useful in disputes with religious people.
If you will notice that we made a mistake, or know how to write more understandable, please correct us by e-mail email@example.com. Various advices on how we can kill ourselves or how to shove our explanations in to our own assholes, better leave in “Comments” section :).
Hell server: IP 666.666.666.666 - About...
About Soul StatisticsX
When we tried to break into the Vatican's secret archives, we found a strange signal. Initially we thought, that this is Pope's direct line with God, but it turned out, that the signal is coming directly from Hell. It soon became clear, that this is report of population of souls in Hell and Paradise, presented to the Pope in real time. Counting of souls began with the appearance of first modern ”Homo sapiens”. This happened 50 000 years BC – before that, only dumb monkey existed and, as not having souls, they were condemned to non-existence after death. From the first “Homo sapiens” to the Christ, Earth was visited by 47 163 122 123 souls. Of course, there were no mass soul saviours back then, therefore all that population went down straight to yet shiny and newly released from the celestial factory Hell pots.
Historical sources of Vatican mention, that God with his angels and Satan had to made the first Hell pots personally, as people then were still very illiterate, clumsy and managed only to beat lice in each others heads with stones. Later, the first Chinese were introduced to moulding of pots. Often, even God himself was unable to distinguish their pots from his own. For a month of work they received a handful of rice, which they could boil in a pot with themselves after work. The best workers could boil and suffer in one pot together with their families. Later, God decided, that to pay a handful of rice for a month of work is too much spending. Therefore, after creating and providing souls, he introduced to moulding of pots Japanese factory robots, which tortured and killed people on Earth. Extremely apathetic and sadistic against tortured and killed workers, who worked with them on Earth, (and in such way merited special grace of God) robots could be promoted and appointed to stab with a fork sinners, who tried to climb out of their boiling pots. Robots were perfect for this sacred mission, as even some of the most vicious demons could not withstand psychologically God's appointed cruelty and constant torture of humans. But let's continue...
When Christ was born, 300 millions souls lived on Earth, which needed saving. During last 2000 years, souls fucked so hard and so much that the population of Earth reached 6 billions. And from year 0 to 2000, 58 359 199 529 souls left Earth. How many of them went down the Hell? When Christ began his business of souls, he was almost the only Christian on Earth. Today, there are about 32% of Christians. By calculating growth of Christians and increasing population of Earth we get, that 14 254 millions of Christians and 44 106 millions of other souls (travelled straight to Hell) left our world during these 2000 years. So, we have 14 254 million candidates to Paradise. However, not all of them deserved it. We know, that children and the Pope with his almost all divine Vatican administration really gets the Paradise. Simple adults are not so lucky, as they are close to breaking all 10 Commandments (except for “thou shall not kill”) - hence, the Paradise for them are not so see-able. By very optimistic assessment, no less than 30% of Christians deserves Paradise. Other 70% deserve to heat their asses in Satan's pots. So, by the year 2000, Paradise was supplemented by 4 276 millions of Christian souls.
It is left to figure out now, how the population changes after year 2000. Currently, an average of 2.92 person die per 1 second. By all calculations, 0.28 of a Christian soul goes to Paradise and 2.64 soul to Hell, accordingly, per 1 second. Therefore, there is no reason for despair, because you will meet almost all of your relatives and friends in Hell :).
We don't know, where else in the Universe God multiplied green creatures with antennas, who, maybe, boils in a modern plasma boilers. We promise to provide the following statistics as soon, as the chief of plasma boilers for these aliens will send statistical information to his clients :).
Brains and Imagination
Matter and “Immaterial Creator”
Poe's Law - without a winking smiley or other blatant display of humour, it is impossible to create a parody of Fundamentalism that SOMEONE won't mistake for the real thing.
Similar to Murphy's Law, Poe's Law concerns internet debates, particularly regarding religion or politics. In other words, No matter how bizzare, outrageous, or just plain idiotic a parody of a Fundamentalist may seem, there will always be someone who cannot tell that it is a parody, having seen similar REAL ideas from real religious/political Fundamentalists.
Gnostic - Knowledgeable. Word used to define world views with provable claims.
Agnostic - Non-knowledgeable. Word used to define world views with non-provable claims.
Theist - Supports existence of God.
Theist agnostic / Theist - Argues that existence of God can not be proven.
Theist gnostic / Gnostic - Claims that existence of God can be proven
Atheist - Supports non-existence of God.
Atheist agnostic / Agnostic - Argues that non-existence of God can not be proven.
Agnostics argue non-existence of God due to the lack of evidence.
Atheist gnostic / Atheist - Claims that non-existence of God can be proven.
Atheists claim non-existence of God due to the lack of evidence and incompatibility of religious ideas with real world. For example: Main law of mater/energy says that mater/energy (something) can not appear from nothing and disappear to nothing, it (something) just change its forms. This means that world WAS NOT created, but existed and will exist forever. Idea of Creation from nothing contradicts properties of real world.
All structures are similar... bones, wings, fins, human hands. This proves, that this is created by one creator.
Why structure of bee wing doesn't match structure of bird wing? Are they created by more than one creator? Maybe, bees were created by Satan? And who created ascarids, banqueting in human assholes?
Similar structures are determined by the same laws of physics in different places of the Universe (and in many cases by common ancestor). Therefore, for example, a drop of water in the state of weightlessness levitation will always form itself in to perfect spherical shape, no matter in which corner of the Universe this will happen.
All these scientists say, that human begins from conception.
Of course, even horse can grasp, that it is not beet forming there. 8 week embryo (mixture of cells) in its development is similar to a shrimp without nervous system and brain. Human begins, when brain forms and starts functioning in his body. Because it is the brain, what generates such features as feelings and thoughts. While there is no brain – it is not human. What kind of a human is without a brain? If only, maybe, Christian :). Therefore, up until brain forms, embryo should have the same rights as all shrimps. Priests often misrepresent scientific statements and any piece of human flesh call „human“.
Are science and religion complementing each other?
Religion and Science are competitors. With each discovery Science shows, that our world is running without divine intervention, constantly reducing domain, “belonging” to God. While Religion splurge promises, what it will give, after we will die, Science actually provide us better life, while we are alive. People starting to understand, that recommendations like: “Give me money now and pray to God, so maybe He will have mercy on you tomorrow.” are worthless. Once upon a time, the Bible was regarded as pure truth, direct word of God. Science made from that set of archaic nonsenses. That's why Religion burned astronomers and heretics at stakes, tried to stop experiments, fought against cloning, which conflicted with idea of souls. Religion is like a beautiful, but poisonous smell emitting flower. And we all know, that the most uneducated people and children confuse beauty with truth and goodness (e.g. poke fingers into the fire).
Attempts to eliminate religiosity failed so far, because behind it stands Real thing.
Attempts to eliminate people's stupidity, laziness and gullibility failed so far also... what stands behind them?
Bible must be understood in a figurative sense.
So can it be that God, Paradise, Hell and all afterlife in the Bible are figurative too? And judging by how God is described in the Bible, He clearly represents Evil, who commit atrocities under banner of “Goodness”.
By denying existence of God, you acknowledge His existence, because it's unreasonable to deny, what doesn't exist.
You have blue penguin in your refrigerator. Now, you can acknowledge this fact or, by denying, only will prove, that he actually sits there. And when adults tell to children, that Santa doesn’t exist, by doing so, they are proving his existence.
Can discovery of Jesus' remains mean the end of Christianity?
The end of Christianity will not occur, even if documents will be found, demonstrating that citizen Jesus Christ was notorious caravan robber and brothel owner in Jerusalem. When big herd of people want to believe, they will not be stopped by tiny barriers of common sense. (Vajėzus)
Christianity is engaged in charitable donations and supports schools.
Christianity doesn't sponsor anything, because it doesn't create material goods. It collects money from people and redistributes them on their own behalf (of course, without forgetting to take lion's share for themselves). People, who donate money to religion, could invest them directly in education and science, which creates new medication, technique. Thanks to scientific discovery, one farmer can feed now 20 times more people, than in ancient times. This helps to save world from starvation. Each strong state has its own social programs, which are much wider and more efficient than Christian charity.
Christianity will save us from Islam.
Yes, like fox will save chickens from wolf :).
David Koresh as the Nazis were not real Christians.
And who are these real Christians? People who agree with you and don't put you in an embarrassing situation?
Typically, complex organisms develop from simple... so, probably, people created God, not vice versa.
Did Jesus died for humanity?
He didn‘t die. Jesus resurrected on third day (Matthew 28:5) and went to Heaven (Mark 16:19). As all-knowing God he knew (John 18:4) that he will not die but will go to Heaven after all show (John 13:1). Jesus had few bad days. In human history there were people, who suffered much worse tortures and really died for others.
Do you believe in life after death?
No, but we believe in life before death.
There are not only vampires but cannibals also. Every Sunday they drink the blood and eat the flesh of Jesus Christ :).
Eve was cloned from Adam, but, when Bible was written, people did not know, how to say this.
Of course. And author of “The Adventures of Pinocchio” had in mind scientific genetic experiment with someone, during which DNA code snippet of plant was integrated in to human's genetic code. But since author didn't know, how to say this, he simply wrote, that Geppetto carved Pinocchio from lump of wood.
Evolution will teach you only, how to crack sculls with clubs for banana.
You are underestimating Evolution. You can learn also, how to cut people with knife and mangle them with axe :). If to be serious... Evolution promotes not only fight for yourself, but cooperation as well, because this is feature, which helps to survive. Church villainously appropriate good merits of Evolution to themselves and their God, such as uniting and cooperation of organisms, which helps to achieve goals insurmountable for one individual. Of course, we would believe, that this is all Church's teachings, if only someone will show us miniature church with tiny Pope and tiny Bible in his hands, lecturing about God and His commandments in an anthill.
How religion and intelligence influence each other?
Religion is a sign of abstract thinking in the brain. Some primates posses such level of intelligence: There is research and video, where chimpanzees perform rituals, similar to religious, as the construction of markers near “holy” tree.
Intelligence is closely connected with religion. In countries, where average intelligence doesn’t exceed 85 IQ, there are almost no non-believers. Only with an average IQ about 95, unbelieving population reaches 5%. With 100 IQ – 15% of non-believers. Among the smartest scientists with Nobel prizes, where average intelligence hovers around 135 IQ, it was 93% of non-believers in 1998.
In order to have abstract world-view, developed intelligence is needed. But not too much developed for the existence of religions. Because more developed intelligence has improved logical and sceptical thinking and religions obviously are contrary to data, compiled by the scientific method, which is the most effective for determination of the truth (information that is undistorted / mirrors the reality). A simple example: The first law of thermodynamics is contrary to the creation of the world. Matter / Energy can not emerge from nothing and disappear into nothing. This is a sign of eternity, this means, doesn’t need the creation.
Different religions have different effects on the development of society’s intelligence. The most popular religions have built-in laws against further development of the intelligence and punish logical and sceptical thinking (which can lead to loss of the faith). Islam is one of the most restrictive, because doubts and leaving of Islam is punishable with death penalty.
Object of worshipping for non-believers becomes money, sex, power, drugs, alcohol...
Yes, of course... money, sex, power, drugs, alcohol... but not arts, sports, philosophy or family. Because we all know, that all positive things in this world is exclusive privilege of believers only.
God exists. After all, millions of people can't be wrong.
Aren't wrong more than 1 000 000 000 000 flies by opting to eat shit? Weren't millions of Germans wrong by declaring war on the world? Weren't representatives of the church wrong by killing millions of people during Inquisition and Crusades? Weren't Russians wrong by chosing communism and forcing it on other nations? History shows us, that majority is not always choose the right decisions. And, unfortunately, sometimes bad ideas spread like viruses, when positive psychological environment is formed (e.g. "Barnum effect").
We agree, that argument of “majority” usually serves the purpose and is associated with a well-proven and reliable stuff. And it is very important during making fast decisions. But the history of mankind teaches, that it is dangerous to rely only on argument “Millions have selected this solution, because it is true.” The Truth is based on facts and evidences, not on opinion of the crowd. Sometimes it is good to use your mind and to ask yourself and crowd: “And why are we going there?”
Is it why He sent Pope Parkinson's disease?
God tests us on Earth. The best will go to Paradise.
Yeah, maybe I should breed for myself a herd of mouses or kittens too. Then I will Infect them with all kinds of diseases, torture and crush them with various disasters, burn them in fires, drown in floods, strangle them in their sleep. And those, least thinking and carrying out all my commands, will be executed more gently, of course, before promising them to move their “souls” to The Grain Warehouse (which, by the way, I don't have... like they have “souls”). Such nice 'divine' entertainment. If God is such cruel sadist on Earth, why do you believe, that in Paradise will be better?
I don't want to be a monkey, I want to be created by God.
When God created you as human, I was only a monkey. Up to now, I've reached your level of development. I'm evolving and developing, while you are not. This leads to the conclusion, that after the same amount of years in the future, I will surpass you as much, as I was behind. And in comparison with me... you will be a monkey.
Here speaks the one with self-esteem so low, he needs to make up invisible, almighty and colossal friend for himself, who loves him.
I have not seen an electron. Why do I have to believe scientists that they exist?
You don't have to. However, you don't have to believe in operational television, radio, shining light bulb, and especially the fact, that you will shake a lot, if you will put two metal sticks in the electric socket, holding them at the ends with bare hands. Then, maybe, you will be convinced that electrons not only exist, but can move through your body materially and may even kill you. Science is not a religion. Of course, servants of God can lie, that science is just an illusion, created by authorities, and you can't verify scientific claims personally, like in Religion. But in Science you don't need to rely solely on faith. Science is based on reality, which you can actually touch, feel and see. Of course, sometimes, in order to be sure about scientific claims, you need to use very complex devices, but scientists often provide operating schemes of these devices publicly, for everyone to see, that there is no deception going on.
I want to punch you in the face. Maybe we could meet and exchange our views?
You can always exchange your views with Mike Tyson. We are sure, he will fill you with great ideas, and, after that, you will not see the world around you, as before... at least for a few weeks.
I will laugh in Heaven at you, when you will burn in Hell.
Christian love always exited us very deeply :).
If you believe without a doubt, that you can do something, you can do that.
It is very suitable to tell you one story from personal experience of one girl: “Imagine a glass door, clean and polished to absolute transparency, so you can't see the glass... So, you go through the open door, believing, that you will pass without any obstacles, just absolutely and without any doubt in faith, because door is open! And with all this firmest belief, you smash in the glass, which you didn't expect was there! I wonder, why I did go through it?”
Immortality will strangle humanity in demographic crisis.
You can always save the world by killing yourself.
In order to talk about the Bible, you need at least for a few years to be a believer.
So, in order to talk about Heroin, you need at least for a few years to take this drug yourself. And medics with scientists, who are studding drugs, are not as good and knowledgeable in this field, as drug addicts?
Is science unable to solve such tasks as religion do?
There is no need to over-signify task, if you can't solve it yourself. Religion is knowledgeable about the world almost as much as a pig about oranges. Therefore it often raises conflicting and wrong questions and fails to answer them. For example: ”If God is all-powerful, can He make a stone so heavy He can't lift it?” (all-powerful attribute creates absurd) or “If only God was in the beginning and he was without evil, where evil come from?” (There is no other primal source of evil, except God, if God was only one source of everything). Because of imagination that Earth is flat, people tried to solve unsolvable question for centuries: “Where is the edge of Earth, from which you can to fall down?” God itself can be invisible, but if He has any influence on material world, science would be able see God easily through this influence indirectly. Yes, Science can see “invisible” things easily, if they have impact on material world. Look for information in popular psychology, astronomy, biology, physics literature and encyclopedias and you will find many answers you're looking for. Don't rely only on literature, written by servants of God.
I'm sorry to hear that your god is dead.
People believe, hence not for nothing. Therefore, something exists.
Faith doesn't create facts. Children believe in the magical Santa Claus, surrounded by elfs, also. Do they exist?
People use only 10% of the brain...
Yes, credulous people, apparently, and use only this much. And bunch of swindlers grabbed this exotic nonsense and make piles of money now, by helping fools to “turn on” the remaining 90%. This rumor may have been started with misinterpretation of the work of Pierre Flourens in the 1800s. More about it here ...
People, who break 10 Commandments, are not Christians.
Then God is not a Christian too. He personally lied, stole, killed... violated almost all of His main laws in the Bible. Similar issue arises, when a citizen violates the law of the state. Does the state have to deprive him of his citizenship? Is this not shaking responsibility off? Maybe citizens of the state need to think about, why it happened, and to offer a solution? If Christians are people, who didn't break the 10 Commandments... there are no such thing, as Christians.
Perfect and perfectly balanced world reflects God's beauty, as creator.
This is why animals are designed in such a way, that, in order to survive, they are forced to eat each other? This is why we have cold winters, earthquakes, worms, mosquitoes, cancer and other disasters? The world is maybe complex, but it is far from perfect. Science, which doesn't recognize God, provide us technologies, which gives us more food and liberate humanity from starving, cures cruel diseases. Genetics can make it possible to create growing proteins and other fats, so people will not need to slaughter animals. Fixing “God's creative mistakes” with knowledge and science... that's where beauty is.
Psychic have scientific instruments, which measure auras.
Yes, scientific instruments, which measure conductance of asshole in highly scientific process of contraction and squeezing. These devices measure and record absolutely different things or nothing at all, than mediums are talking about. For example, they construct device, which creates map of human thermal emissions, and say that it displays some kind of aura. We all can take blood pressure measuring device, put it in to box with blinking diodes and say, that it is human's soul strength meter.
Religion can explain, how Universe originated.
Chukchi shaman can explain about origins of Universe too. He can sing and even play with his drum during process, though his version lack factual evidences and common sense as well.
Science contradicts its own old truths constantly (e.g. quantum mechanics).
This religious “rumor”, is repeated by religious fanatics constantly, because some of them mistakenly perceive situation, when scientists, after extending research area (territory), sometimes, are faced with new circumstances and old formulas don't give correct forecasts or required precision. This leads to new or improved scientific theories, which does not deny, but most frequently complemented the old ones.
E.g.: quantum mechanics didn't deny, neither Newton nor Einstein's theory. The theory is true until, under certain conditions, formula, which describes it, gives correct predictions. Apple fell from a tree with a 9.8 m/s, acceleration in the past, and fall at the same speed now. Of course, this law does not work in space. However, Einstein's formula works well on great cosmic distances. Formula of quantum mechanics is correct at very small distances and “M-theory” combines them all into one unified hypothesis of the Universe.
To say, that Einstein's theory (E=mc²) contradicts or disproves Newtonian theory (F=ma), it's like to say, that discovery of microscope contradicts and disproves telescope. They are both complementary and are intended to monitor or measure different objects/events in different conditions.
Science has proven, that woman can get pregnant innocently.
Yes. But in that case, Jesus had to be a woman, as he could inherit only female “gender chromosome” set. Or, maybe, virgin Mary was some pseudo-man-hermaphrodite?
Normal women has XX chromosome pair. Normal man has XY. Man is born, if woman's egg with X chromosome merges with man's sperm Y chromosome. Woman is born, if woman's egg with X chromosome merges with man's sperm X chromosome.
It seems, that something more earthy was inserted in to Mary, to make her pregnant, if she existed at all. “God” version was very handy in order to keep a good name. This was especially attractive, because environment was full of mysticism's fans, who immediately knelt on the their knees, after hearing breathtaking story, and were tended to kill anybody by stoning, who had sex outside the marriage, like Mary, obviously, did.
The Bible is God's words, but interpreted through minds of people of that time.
Let's make an experiment: Let's take a book with Einstein's theory of relativity. I will play God. Let's find a 10 year old child, and give him paper with pencil. He will be our prophet. His mental level will correspond to the mental level of prophet 2000 years ago. Now I will dictate Einstein's formula to him: “Energy equals mass times the speed of light squared.” The child understood nothing, but wrote down correctly. So how it is so, that so smart God (smarter even than Einstein) was so stupid that He failed to convey His words properly to the prophets, so it would clear 1000-2000 years later? The Bible was written by people, whose mental level and writing don't imply “divine” dictation at all.
There are many eyewitnesses of Jesus.
There are many eyewitnesses, who were abducted by aliens as well. Maybe Jesus didn't fly in to the sky with all his body at the end of his life as God, but was abducted by aliens as ordinary human?
There are plenty evidences of God's existence, but science is hiding them.
Damn! You figured everything out and we... must admit everything now. Yes, science created powerful and secret deal against God with FBI, KGB, MI6, DGSE and all the treacherous aliens in the galaxy with Satan himself as our leader. Therefore, it is very hard for Christianity, which have only over 2 billion followers on Earth and grabbing billions of dollars, to dedicate their funds to their own scientific researches. Moreover, Christianity, which owns hundreds of local and satellite television channels, can't announce results of these researches with evidences. Researches could be done at leasts in the capital of Christianity... Vatican. As this isn't happening... now you know, that even Pope himself is involved in this global conspiracy against God. After all, there are only about 90% of believers in America. You can't do much in such disadvantageous situation.
Wealth despiritualize people and makes them callous.
It is not completely true. Tests shown, that even small amount of money can change people's moods, feelings, and behaviour in a good direction. Here is excerpt from article by psychologists Gediminas Navaitis about experiment with 50 cents:
“A passer-by walks into phone booth and finds 50 cents in it. After calling, he opens the door and runs into passing woman, who drops papers out of her hands. 9 out of 10 helped her. Among people, who didn't find 50 cents, only 4 out of 10 helped.”
This situation clearly demonstrates, that money can change people and not only in negative directions. When there is not enough resources, tension grows and people start to compete with each other for resources to survive. Fewer resources means fiercer fight. This leads to despiritualization and callous confrontations. When people have enough resources to live decent lives (and to give some resources away), this tension declines and people become more calm and generous to others. Of course, there are always people, who have no limits in greediness, but it is not the money, which made them this way. You can't blame bread, if someone is constantly hungry. And there are situations as well, when people climb on top of the mountain and use that opportunity to spit on people below. But it is not mountains' fault... although we can blame it... it is easy thing to do, because it will not argue with us.
What came first, the chicken or the egg?
1. According to Christianity, egg appeared first... even two eggs, which were owned by Adam. God created chick later, better known to us as Eve.
2. Dinosaurs used eggs long before chickens (Arunas).
3. According to science, they appeared at the same time as breeding method from dividing evolved into egg-laying. I.e., at first, primitive forms of life multiplied by dividing (“cloning”) itself (such forms exist up till now). Later, this division became more like giving birth (when “offspring” came out of their “parent”). Some time later, nascent “offspring” became coated with membrane. Gradually, this membrane hardened and turned into a shell - egg.
What is Chapayev's constant (ChC)?
This is a very unique constant, named after Russian revolutionary and anecdote character Vasily Chapayev. This constant is unique, in that its value is never known, variable and depends on the situation. Equations with this constant is as follows: The desired answer is determined first, then the equation can be multiplied (divided, subtracted etc.) by the constant. It is universal and suitable for any calculations. It looks, like this:
equation [±/×/÷] ChC = desired_answer
For example: if you need 2+2+ChC=4, or if you need 2+2+ChC=5, or 2+2+ChC=bucket. Mathematicians can create more complex formulas like (x² + y²) x ChC = Pi² and so on.
There are are no fundamental differences between “lifeless” and “living”. There are elementary and complex compounds, both composed from the same “lifeless” matter. We call “living” those compounds, which complexity of the structure goes beyond subjective boundary, determined by us (humans). Scientists have agreed with each other, that viruses are sufficiently complex, to be called the most primitive form of life. This boundary between “lifeless” and “living” was drawn on the polio virus, which is one of the simplest viruses. In reality, the virus is only a large molecule.
Breath taking CGI on screen (if you will look closer) are formed from combinations of only 255 intensity levels of 3 colours (red, green, blue). Individual parts of „living” compound have different functions and, by interacting with each other, these parts form one whole and complex “living” body. Human body is like city, where builders, policemen, fire-fighters, doctors, work each on their own and sometimes may interact with each other in simple manner, but combination of their work results in maintaining this complex city quite functional and it doesn't fall apart so easily, if challenged by outside threat. All interactions inside are ruled by the laws of physics (elementary “logic”) and were formed by Evolution. The more complex and active interactions are inside, the more “intelligent” and “living” compound is. The more primitive compound is, the more "lifeless" it is. The Universe itself can be seen as colossal living organism, and we are small part of it.
What is more important and valuable – citizen or state?
It's similar to question: “What is more important and valuable – brick or house?”
Here's the answer: More important is citizen, more valuable is state.
Why citizen is more important? To understand this, you need to know, what happened during evolution, and what was made from what. Evolution of these compounds were in these steps:
elementary particle > molecule > cell > organism > man > family > state > union of states > ...
“Man” is building block of “state”. People can survive without state, but state without people can't.
Why state is more valuable? Because each next compound requires more effort, time and resources to form (evolve). Building a house needs more effort. Therefore, it is more valuable than the same amount of bricks.
Many theorists do not realize this simple truth, which exists for about 12 billion years, and lost in endless disputes. Many revoke freedoms and interests of the most important building blocks (citizens) for the sake of preservation of valuable compound (state), and do not understand, why building blocks, instead of gluing to each other, suddenly starts to push and break down the system. Because, if you will not care about bricks and foundations, the house will collapse. Wrong understanding of the world often leads to catastrophic consequences (like collapsing of the state). People create ant maintain states on voluntary basis, in order to get more benefits from cooperation. People will resist serving state interests, if their freedoms will be restricted and abstract state interests will be raised over personal interests. People will lose desire to build and maintain such state and, even, can go against it. That's why state must base oneself primarily on personal freedoms and voluntarisms, which strengthens desire of building blocks (citizens) to maintain and strengthen the system (state) they are part of.
What is the meaning of life?
At this point, it seems, there is no „Grand Meaning“ in the Universe. But we are able to set our own goals and try to reach them. If we reach our goals, then we can claim, that we lived meaningful life.
We call meaningful those efforts and actions, which brings us closer to our goals. We personally believe, that meaningful is to explore the World in which we are living. When we will have good knowledge about the Universe, it will not only help us to adapt our surroundings to our needs, but, maybe, then we will be able to clarify better, whether “Great Meaning“ exists or not. And if there is one, what it is.
Smart people with good imagination can create goals and meanings for themselves. For dumb people with poor imagination, goals and meanings can be created (and imposed) by others. Usually, goals and meanings serve their creators, and not the people, on whom they are imposed.
The world was always full of people, who loved to live on account of others, by spreading fantasies. In exchange for wealth and obedience today, they are promising to give something fictitious (like Paradise) or to protect from something fictitious (like Hell) in distant future.
Religious authorities set goal to get in to Paradise. And, of course, they explain to everyone, what actions are meaningful and what are not in reaching this goal. In this Paradise reaching process, religious authorities made up few intermediate objectives and declared them as having the highest moral value... protecting, obeying and serving to “representatives” of these gods on Earth. They claim, that God will reward for that in Paradise hundredfold times more. So people bring them money, sausages, vote for recommended politicians. Of course God will reward for that... you just need to die... and after that... good luck in getting and enjoying your reward.
Of course, religious authorities had one major problem - people had hard time in believing this sometimes, demanded evidence for the story. The solution was found - to convince everyone, that blind faith without evidences is the highest value between all values, and disbelief is a sin, that must be punished. It is how Christianity and other religions emerged and are “milking” real resources from obedient sheep, for what they will never get in return (imaginary rewards) still.
What will I lose, if I will reject science?
First of all, 55 years of life, because, without help of science, people live on average about 25 years. Now, look around. You will lose almost everything you see.
What will you say to God, if you will meet Him after death?
God tortured and killed people and other life forms in the Bible on mass scale, even children, like some mentally unstable psychopath. But at some point in history, God disappeared (especially this is noticeable with invention of video and audio recording devices). Maybe, our God was put down and locked in some 'divine mental hospital' by other gods. While keeping safe distance, I would ask Him “Do you regret for what you did, or do you want to go on mass torturing and killing sprees still?”
Where can I find detailed analysis and contradictions of the Bible?
Where can I find detailed analysis and contradictions of the Quran?
Why are the laws of physics the way they are?
Scientists don't have certain answer at current moment, but there are various hypotheses. One of them was expressed by Charles Sanders Peirce in 1893: "The progress of science would advance to the point, where the problem become not WHAT are the laws, but WHY these laws. The only rational way of accounting for why these laws, rather than other laws, is if the laws themselves are the result of the process of evolution." Or in other words… complex laws of today formed from elementary parts and, during process of Evolution of laws, more fragile and unstable physical laws did not survive and were pushed out by laws in which we are living today.
Why did the chicken cross the road?
Did it run to the church? Probably, there are millions of reasons, but none of them with “divine” origin, even if chicken was very religious.
Why do you acknowledge “The Big Bang” theory, instead of “Divine Creation”?
Because we have not heard about how the Church conducted detailed investigations of the Universe or supported any NASA's space exploration program. Why would you believe in claims about Universe in the past by people, who even don't know and have no interest in how it works now?
Was Muhammad a pedophile?
Muhammad (570-632), the founder of the Islamic religion, married his wife Aisha (613-678) in 619, when she was 6 years old. He engaged in sex with her, when she was 9 years old. At that time Mohammed was 52 years old. Muslims claim, that she was mature already, despite the fact, that their religious sources say, that she still played with dolls. You can do conclusions for yourself.
Why life can form out of chaos?
Elementary laws of physics are such, that even from “chaos” (scattered elementary particles of matter) compounds are formed without any additional intervention. It seems, that life is an inevitable stage of (complexity) evolution. For example, beautiful snowflakes can form, like you can see in the photography by Patricia Rasmussen (2002). Photography on the right is real and, if you don't believe, you can catch the same kind of a snowflake and put it under a microscope yourself.
Why religions are popular?
Religions are profitable for some groups of people and have few desirable attributes:
God gifted the entire World to his followers ...group of greedy people.
From that moment His followers can think that they have “lawful” right to go and take what “belongs” to them. Humans invented “higher authority” (gods-puppets, “real” property owners), whose word are higher in priority and authority than words of any human... even king. Holy scriptures are “ownership documents” which people wrote to themselves in the name of these “higher authority gods” and gifted everything, what they wanted, to themselves. Why “God gifted all World”? If someone else gives you something as a gift, it doesn’t look so bad and greedy, as you took it by yourself. Also, you are not responsible for such decision - for responsibility you have imaginary authority behind your back - you can pile up on Him as much your own responsibility as you want - he will not resist to that... as he does not exist.
All people are debtors and must repay their debt.
Debt is collected by self-proclaimed accountants of God.
Later, some even greedier people (priests, pope etc.) usurped status of god's representatives on earth inside these groups and imposed tax for what was previously a free “gift” for the rest of society. They invented even more things, for which ordinary people must pay to God, of course, through representatives of these gods. God gives us world, life, love... everything... and not for free now. “Representatives” announced that all people are debtors and persuaded that they are. Religion is teaching, how to make everyone feel indebted to God and that our payments are much smaller than what God gives to us. We must pay to God for our sins also. So, as even your birth is through sin – we are in debt, just because we are born. If someone gives you something... you are debtor... and must return equally. Church will help you to return your debt to God as it is God’s debt collecting filial on the Earth.
Church is trying to collect money not just for past, but for the future too.
Church work as Insurance Company, which collects money, when you alive, for promises to care about you, after you will die in accident called “death”. What is the difference between standard insurance company and Church? You will never take your money back, because... you will be dead. Also, Church is like Estate Company, which sells lands on non existing beach... Heaven (these lands exists just on promotional flyers)... for real money. Good thing for Church - they have INFINITE amount of fictional land to sell.
Status is important in society as it has some advantages. Having president as a friend can increase status and behaviour of other people with you. Demonstration of real or imaginery status starts even from kinder garden, during conflicts between children.
Kid A: “My dad is director of big company and he will rip your head of!”.
Kid B: “My dad is boxer and he will beat shit out of you, your dad and your mum!”
Usually dads never show up to beat shit of each other and to roll on the ground in front of all children. Who has stronger backup (real or imaginary... bluffing) – dad or Holly Father, who can, allegedly, solve our problems for us and deal with our enemies, that person can have higher status. Even some frogs inflate themselves to appear more threat-full. Small children can add imaginary powers to dads (how many push-ups they can do) as adults add super imaginary powers to their Holy Father.
Image: Cartman and Cthulhu (or Pope and Yahweh).
There is one study, where the same areas of brains light up, when people speak about “What God wants” and when they speak about what they want themselves. www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/12/01/0908374106.full.pdf
...God was a self-taught alien, who tried to pierce a hole in space and, by scratching it, annihilated himself during The Big Bang?
Brains and Imagination
Humans create virtual word in their brains - copy of real word from fragments of real word. This data gathered is by all material senses. Humans can’t store full copy of real word in their brains. Brains are too small for that. Therefore they make virtual copies of fragments, which looks more important or intense at the moment. Incomplete data can lead to miscalculations. Then humans run various virtual calculations in that virtual word, by manipulating with virtual fragments. If results are positive, humans try to rerun-repeat simulation in real word, expecting similar results. Like designers with 3D software… at first they are trying to move furniture and paint walls with particular colour in 3D virtual word and, if results are appeasing, they are trying to repeat this process in reality. This is how humans solve their problems. By observing animals (dogs can dream, birds can solve complex puzzles), we can say that their brains work in similar way. Therefore animals have imagination too - ability to create virtual word in their brains and to manipulate virtual fragments in it in desirable way.
Usually we make virtual copies of things in to our brains with their attributes from reality. For example, attribute of very big stone is heavy and solid. Therefore in our dreams, when we sleep, we usually can’t push, lift or squeeze (like marshmallow) big stones also, as we can’t do this in reality. We can't control whole situations in our dreams, as as we can’t control similar situations in reality. It is why you can't sleep with Claudia Schiffer or Tom Cruise every night even in your dreams :). However this has good side too - when people create virtual situations in which they are trying to solve real problems, people think more realistically and in their virtual solutions do not stray far away from reality with unrealistic and non-existent rules of the world. Results in virtual situations (thoughts or dreams), where is no gravity, will differ from results in similar real world's situation with gravity and can be pointless waste of time and even dangerous in solving real problems. For example: during running from killer in virtual situation you can jump from skyscraper's roof and fly away, but in reality this solution will not work so well. You will fly away too, but not in the same direction as you can expected from virtual simulation.
Something can’t come from nothing. All new ideas, born in our brains, is just new combinations of already exiting virtual fragments and their attributes (colours, shapes, weight, etc.), copied from reality. For example, we saw this in reality...
From memorized virtual fragments we can create "new" object-combination in our virtual world (in our brains) like this...
In our dreams, during sleep time, fragment’s search mechanism work not so well as in conscious state. Therefore, if you want "head", brains can take first head from memory archive. You can end up attaching pig head to human torso... if you saw movie about pigs and there were many shots of pig heads. If you saw impressive spider yesterday and look at it and he look at you, you can attach spider eyes to that head. Maybe you sat on freshly painted bench and smudge our pants with green colour or someone else did... result can be like this.
"Out of body" experience.
When people sleep, distant sounds in reality can influence their dreams. For example, body can hear distant sound of train and running train can instantly appear in dream. If person strangle blood flow in his legs with uncomfortable position, he can start having problems with walking in dream also. If near him talks some person, that person can appear in dream also.
Similar thing, as in dream, can happen, when person have car accident, loses consciousness and some senses, like vision shuts down, but other senses remain active (sound through ears, touch through skin, vestibular apparatus, etc.). Person can't see what's actually going on around him, but his brain still works - gathers information and tries to create virtual environment in brains and to place his owner in it. From active senses person can determine his own position and movement in space, how many people are around him and what they are talking and doing. From echo of sounds he can determine size of the room. Sometimes virtual copy in brains can be very close to real environment. After people wake up, they can claim, that they were outside of their body, fly around and "saw" what was happening to them. But, actually, they fly just in their virtual word - inside their brains.
If you feel uncomfortable in the dark after scary movie, you know that sometimes you can feel REAL fear from IMAGINARY fantasies. People are not capable to separate real things from imaginary precisely in their brains. After viewing movie "Rise of the Dead“, you can have problem to fall in to sleep in your old grandmother’s house, concerning about waking up from juicy champing, with her dental prosthesis in your head :).
When you feel real fear from imaginary visions-fantasies, sometimes you are ready to pay real money to rid of them. Therefore, to gain real money, some people... politics or priests are trying to create imaginary problems and fears, install them in society and pronounce themselves as "savours". They create real heaven for themselves by promising imaginary heaven or Heaven for others (sometimes after death). "Give me your money now! Want something in return? No problem - Die!"
Using our incapability to separate imaginary things from real precisely in our brains, show business (as Hollywood) offers us many emotional attractions. Dishonest people use this weakness too. Religion sells imaginary lands in Heaven. Homeopathy sells imaginary drugs. Mediums sell imaginary powers. Politics sells their imaginary abilities to give prosperity for everyone and scary us with imaginary dangers which they can "defeat" and "protect us" from - we just need to elect them and we all will be saved.
In peaceful and calm times, without big problems, there is no need in big heroes. In such times they mostly exist in movies with their imaginary problems and imaginary solutions. It is hard to be real hero. You must give to society something really useful and GREAT. Or you can invent imaginary, but real-looking GIANT problem (like Sadam's nuclear arsenal) at small cost ...because it is imaginary, under which you will be able to unite people and make yourself leader of the crowds, which will carry you on hands with respect as a self-proclaimed saviour. There always will be "heroes" who will try to install fear and defend us form imaginary problems. Sometimes these imaginary problems, existing just in brains, evolve and create real problems. So it is always good to have ability to separate what is real and what is imaginary, who is real hero and who is just trying to pretend being one. Believing without evidences is fertilizer for fake heroes.
Many human-self-wroted "holy" scriptures claim that imaginary God gifted all real world to His followers to rule over it. Then followers are going and taking from others everything what is "rightly belong and given to them" by higher authority - God.
Some people know that they are lying to others and some really believe in their own lies. They feel really righteous in their own actions and beliefs, inspired by imaginary visions. Because they can't separate real from imaginary and line between is blurred... it is hard to discus with them rationally. To believe in self-righteous they don't need logic or facts from reality. All they need is just to imagine that they are right.
Matter and “Immaterial Creator”
Do really material things prove existence of immaterial creator?
All examples, presented by believers... explosions, shirts, cars, dictionaries, DNA, ripples, “John loves Marry” writings on sand... are created from matter with material tools by material creators/causes, who/which are part of matter itself. This doesn't prove immaterial God, but creative abilities of matter itself. Religious people remove creativity from matter and then invoke immaterial God to fill, what they removed.
Sometimes, believers are trying to prove existence of immaterial God (Creator) by using examples in which something material was created from matter by material creator (like... human) with material tools in material World. Like in example with “Watch and watchmaker”:
“You are walking and see watch in the sand. It is not possible that this watch appeared accidentally by exploding from something (sometimes believers use “exploding nothing”). So, you understand, that this watch has creator-watchmaker. This means, that everything has his own creator, including our world.”
Believers are missing few main points in such examples:
1. Scientist never said that in “Big Bang” theory... exploded absolutely nothing – it is absurd fantasy made up by believers. Main law of energy/matter says, that energy/matter (something) can not appear from nothing and disappear to nothing. It (something) just change its forms. This means that material Word WAS NOT created or appeared from nothing, but existed and will exist forever. Changed and will change just material forms, of whats existed already.
2. Watch didn’t appear instantly or after exploding of something or nothing. Between material “Big Bang” event and final version of material watch, lying on the beach, was long process of evolution. Until material watch was created from matter by material creator, passed milliards of years (~14) of material human evolution, until material humans evolved to ability create material watches. Every bolt, gearwheel and other parts, forms, joining combinations had their own long evolution - from primitive and simple to complex. Even thinking in brains (where idea of watch born) is material process - thinking and memories are material based too. Humans can create new combinations ("drafts"-ideas) in their head-brains (material information carrier)... from fragments of already stored information-knowledge (copied in to brain from real word), like from mosaic stones. Then, they can transfer that on to paper or other material information carrier or even try to create three dimensional model, outside their brain. Watch was not created-combined instantly. It started from stick, stuck in sand one sunny day (or, maybe, even simpler event took place at first). Later, humans learned how to melt metal, produce glass, count to 24/60 and etc. This LONG and material process does not have anything in common with immaterial gods and instant appearance from nothing or creation from explosions and chaos. Orderly forms appear gradually, obeying elementary laws of physics (between which are not just pushing, but pulling force too. Elementary laws of physics, may had their own evolution, during which, some of them didn't survived, because they were pushed out of existence by current laws.). Human - material creator of material watch is part of matter.
3. Just because you born TODAY and found something, already formed by material Nature or its material moving parts (like humans) before your birth… that does not mean, that it was created instantly, accidentally or by God. It was just You, who saw it accidentally and instantly TODAY.
4. Evolution is not just accidental (random) mutations, but non-accidental (non-random) selection too – believers deliberately ignore this second part often. Sometimes, watch is compared with live organisms... but watch is not living organism and does not evolve through procreation and random mutations. Although, material humans are responsible for survival of the watches, by putting them through non-accidental selection of the “fittest”.
Everything, what’s happening, obeys known and still some unknown laws of physics. If we could monitor every atom (or even elementary particle) in our galaxy and had virtual copy of all our galaxy in some super computer, with possibility to calculate future interactions of each atom (or even elementary particle) on the basis of its current movement, we could predict precisely, when and where... each leaf of each tree on Earth will fall. “Random” event only means, that we don't have enough detailed information and calculating power to monitor, what's exactly causing particular event on atomic or subatomic level.
Examples with material objects, like watches, cars, paintings or writings in the sand, created from matter by material creators does not and cannot prove immaterial God (Creator) and His existence. They prove, that potential of creativity and capability to change itself lays in matter itself... but not in gods, who are also creations of matter (material creators - humans), manifested in material information carries, like brains, books, computer discs, video screens, etc..
Creativity is part of matter and does not need divine intervention or source. You don’t have to be God to create. Mater can do this, when parts of it interact between each other.
Attempts to prove invisible-immaterial with visible-material.
Sometimes, to prove their invisible God, believers use examples with wind or electricity, which, according to believers, are “invisible” as their God. But wind and electricity are material motion of material particles (atoms and electrons). Therefore scientists can measure speed or strengthens of wind and electricity with material devices. We can not see atoms and electrons with naked eye, but we can easily detect them with other material body sensors. We can see existing objects not just directly, but indirectly too, through their material influence on material environment… seeing, how wind rips-off building's roof or blows our hair. You can detect existence of electricity simply by putting two material fingers in material power socket. Eyes are not only one material sensor, which can detect material events, such like wind or electricity. Material wind and electricity, easily detectable-"visible" by everybody’s material body sensors, does not have anything in common with invisible and immaterial God. Real material fear of imaginary monsters under your bed or imaginary god in the sky, which exist only in your brain and similar information carriers, like books or movies on screens, is not the same, as fear of electricity in your wall or tornadoes in your backyard. Real material feelings are triggered by material information (specific matter arrangements and movements) in your brain. The problem is, that this information in your brain can be based on... existing or imaginary. For example... on picture of the lion... or on realistically looking, but imaginary, picture of some monster (which can be even partly based on lion). Your brain can't always tell (because it doesn't have additional information about source of these various images) - is this copy of existing, or is this copy of someone's else (or even your own) fantasy.
Growing crystals, stalactites and stalagmites, snowflakes, corals, shows us, that creation of objects does not need immaterial divine gluing hands and tools. All that work can be done by matter and simple physical laws itself. "immaterial God", which lives just in human imagination, is material "drawing" in brains. Nature can create complex and orderly forms itself. People cannot understand, how simple things in Nature can form and build complex structures and therefore invent complex, invisible and immaterial Gods (Creators) and give Them all Nature's merits and powers. Physical laws force simple elementary particles join and evolve to complex combinations, until these combinations (for example humans) gradually are capable to create their own new combinations in shorter time. And all this are not outside of matter... it is matter in motion.
All living organisms are direct and living evidence of abiogenesis – all living organisms are composed from „lifeless" particles. Like watch, God - Super Complex “Perfect” Beeing, Who creates things much simpler, than himself, cannot appear from nothing. If there is something like God, it must be part of material Word and could not appear in other way, as just after long lasting evolution from simple to complex. With claims, that everything must have creator, religion puts itself in contradiction. Who created God then? It would be more precisely to say that everything is outcome of some cause (previous event), but that cause is absolutely not divine. How God is described in the Bible, with His emotions and doubts, how He don’t know everything and must ask others, God is clear copy of human. In the Bible, people can even change God’s mind in debates and defeat Him in primitive fist fight.
Genesis 32:24-26 Then Jacob was left alone; and a Man wrestled with him until the breaking of day. 25 Now when He saw that He did not prevail against him, He touched the socket of his hip; and the socket of Jacob’s hip was out of joint as He wrestled with him. 26 And He said, “Let Me go, for the day breaks.” But he said, “I will not let You go unless You bless me!”
It is obvious, that writers of the Bible were not very smart ant created God in their own images, not other way around.
Morality and ethics are formed by Evolution - constantly happening natural selection.
"Moral" or "HIGHLY moral" are actions, which give PROFIT and increase chances of survival of beings or groups of beings, who rate situation. The more PROFIT gives someone, the more he is valuable for others and usually passes to higher social level. Beings, who give PROFIT to others, can get various privileges from these others and this can increase chances of survival.
"Immoral" or "LOWLY moral" are actions, which bring LOSSES and decrease chances of survival of beings or groups of beings, who rate situation. The more LOSSES brings someone, the less he is valuable for others and can be placed on lower social level. Beings, who bring LOSSES, can be isolated from society and this can decrease chances of survival.
Morality is product of evolution, as moral-good behaviour have more advantages for survival, than disadvantages. Groups, in which individuals care for each other and cooperate, are stronger than groups, in which individuals fight with each other. Individuals in cruel and unjust groups need to waste more resources to protect each other from each other. Stress in cruel groups shortens life expectancy also. Cooperative groups push out of existence individualistic groups with their individualistic-egoistic morality.
Majority of organisms want to survive and reach their goals faster. Usually, individual desires are bigger than their individual capabilities. Therefore, to reach their goals, beings sometimes need not just to improve themselves, to create better tools, but to create social groups and cooperate in them also (10 well organised dystrophics can beat 1 body builder). Individuals in groups can afford specialisation, which brought industrial revolution. Even ants live in harmonious cooperation. Not because they are smart. But because beings, which learned to cooperate and created rules of interaction, increased their (physical and creative) abilities to survive and outrivaled beings, which didn’t coordinated their actions between each other, acted separately and even fought with each other. In such way, during natural selection, lower moral norms-rules were outrivaled together with their followers by higher moral norms-rules and their followers. Sometimes strength of collective depends on weakest link - it can betray secrets of all collective or secretly open gates of city to enemies. Collectives, which cared for weak and tried to make them stronger, had better chances of survival than collectives which didn’t such thing. While creating values and reaching happiness, it is important, that no one will destroy achieved results. Therefore beings created rules, how to avoid destruction and not to limit creativity. Requirements not to destroy each other's values and not to limit each other, as much as it is possible, were added to norms... in exchange to similar behaviour ("I will behave well with you with, expecting that you will behave in the same way with me"). Sometimes moral norms are related with restrictions of actions (don't kill, don't steal, don't lie, etc.) and people have no intentions to limiting THEMSELVES. But, while pursuing their personal gains, they are minded to limit OTHERS. Limiting moral norms were created by thinking not about how to limit YOURSELF and how YOU must behave with OTHERS, but about limiting OTHERS and how OTHERS must behave with YOU-CREATOR of rules. Even killers and thieves, who let kill and steal for themselves, think about their own security and welfare and are inclined to forbid kill and steal for others. Therefore average moral norms are always higher than average morality of creators.
In order for higher morality norms to appear, there is no need for higher source or power, as God. People wrote on books their practical experience. Creators and promoters of religions just took already existent moral norms, common for all humans and nothing to do with religions, and copied them to their-religious books. In these religious books they declared God and themselves as inventors of morality. What they did, is just added to already existing morality norms requirement to worship and support their God and His "representatives" on earth as the highest moral duty. Religion even distorted moral norms with after death rewards and punishments. Sometimes, people do not seek justice, because they believe, that for bad and good deeds everyone will be rewarded or punished after death. In liberal and democratic countries moral norms are represented by acts and documents, related to human rights and freedoms, like "Geneva Convention", "Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms". Also, moral norms are represented by "Civil Law".
Morality is subjective and depends on amount of PROFIT and LOSSES brought to assessor.. how assessor perceives PROFIT and LOSSES (perception can be incorrect). Therefore, what is "moral" for one person or group, can be "immoral" for other person or group. For example, to kill a Jew and take his possessions was profitable and moral thing to do for Nazi soldier and "his Fatherland", but the same action was harmful and immoral for Jew/s.
Religion and Morality - JPG and PDF
To make it easier for Religion to disappear, it would be good to separate Religion (superstition) from Morality (rules of behaviour in groups) and to strip off Religion from evolutionary benefits, like no taxes for church in commerce. Religion was main player in education and culture and sometimes even had monopoly in these areas many centuries, because it was THE BEST in... persecuting, destroying and killing competitors... especially secular ones.
Morality and religious groups (for example, Christian).
Inability to understand, why moral norms are higher than average social morality, led some people to thoughts, that morality was created by someone else, existing above the society, for example, God.
Japanese are not Christians. Are they bandits, thieves and rapists? No. It is obvious, that even without Christianity people can be moral. Moral norms existed and exists, where there was no and where there is no Christianity. Christianity is not required for existence of morality.
Were antique philosophers immoral bandits, robbers and rapists, because they were not Christians and didn’t know Christ? Did humans learn that to kill, steal and lie is bad only, when Christians appeared? No. Various writings from the past clearly shows, that morality and moral behaviour existed long before Christianity. Christianity didn’t invent moral norms or added something revolutionary. It only modified them to be beneficial for Christianity (especially for rulers of this religion). Contributions of various religious groups, like Christianity, in development of moral norms (rules of behaviour) occurred mainly just by adding obligations to maintain and support these religious groups materially and psychologically… and by declaring such support and maintenance as moral act.
People created Christianity by mixing various stories and legends of that time and intellectual level with moral norms, which existed before Christianity, and by putting that mix into their own books. Some stories have truth in them, some are lies, some are obvious plagiarism of older legends - only the names were changed. Of course, to justify their existence and to raise their own value in society (people pay more for valuable things), Christians began to assign all moral creation and development merits to themselves, as though before them and around them morality did not exist and world could not exist without them in the future. Convinced world to be their hostage. Otherwise, according to them, world will suffer and even may die.
Christians themselves often were robbers and supported various Crusades, during which not one nationality was robbed and wiped out from the ground, along with their material and cultural values. Of course, appropriated from others booty values were guarded by Christianity as its own eye. Even priests were banned from breeding, so they could not pass their possessions to wife and children after death. Burning of books was also quite large “contribution” of Christianity to European culture and heritage. Christian philosophy and teachings gave birth to one of God’s will carrier Adolf Hitler. He tried to destroy Jews as “Christ killers”, in accordance to the decisions of former Popes and synods, how to deal with Jews. Ghettos, badges, persecutions, etc. were invented and introduced not by Hitler, but by Christian church long before he was even born. Another great “contribution” was Inquisition. Humanity was even more convinced that, in the name of goodness, sadistic and barbaric tortures can be quite useful. It is easy. In order to show the ultimate truth to someone, you can just poke his eyes out. Or if you want someone to walk closer to God, simply brake his legs. And don’t worry, he will not need this for his spiritual journey, especially if you burn him alive.
Usually, what is acceptable and moral, sets majority in power. By expanding or narrowing the circle of assessors and by moving it from one place to another - the morality of the same action may vary.
Our well-being is connected to well-being of environment, surrounding people.
Our well-being depends not only from us, but from well-being and behaviour of others. By destroying, whether it is material property or social relations of others, we often hurt ourselves, if not directly, then through the environment, which we are part of. People sometimes don’t care and are unable to calculate huge overall damage they do to everyone with their actions, which are directed to gain some small personal profits, by viewing situation too narrowly in space and time.
When water is poured from one glass to another, the total amount of water does not increase, but can even be spilled out and lost during conflicts. The problem is, that stupid people are capable to see only their own glass, and are incapable to comprehend all situation. They can’t realise, that profit, when the amount of water in their own glass increases, at the expense of others, is very localised. Profit should not be made by creating losses to others.
For example. someone steals copper wires worth $30, by destroying electric motor worth $500, belonging to someone else. Yes, the thief will make $30 profit, but total damage of his actions to surroundings will be $470.
Or medic can be killed in dark alley and $500 taken from him. Criminal will make $500 profit for himself, but loss for others-surroundings would be overwhelming. Destroyed human being, in whose education time and hundreds of thousands was invested, who repaired damage made by other people or natural processes in other human beings. Sometimes, person, who planned and could bring benefits for millions in the future, save or prolong life with some discovery, including criminal’s life, can be killed by brainless criminal himself even for less.
Anyone can throw their garbage into their neighbour's yard, at the beach or deep in the forest, where no one can see us. We can clean our personal territory fast in such a way. But, right outside of our personal spaces, we will find ourselves in physical and moral trash land. It may be not a problem, if our life is limited to our own narrow territories, but it happens very rarely. Everyone should keep in mind, that our personal example infects others to do the same... and to us too. As a result, by throwing garbage into neighbour's yard, we can end up in similar situation, when our neighbours will begin to throw their own garbage into our yard.
Some people create values. For example, person who works in TV factory and produces TV sets or develops and improves TV set production lines, so TVs could be more sophisticated and cheaper for consumers. Part of our well-being belongs from such people, because they invent and create values-goods. Because of them, over time, we can buy everything cheaper and are able to improve our life, make it easier.
Some people destroy values - thieves, murderers, robbers, rapists and other criminals. They do not create values, but move already created values from one pocket to another (usually, to their own pocket from someone's else pocket). Their actions don’t increase total amount of values-goods in the world. On the contrary, during theft, robbery, murder or rape, part of already existing values are destroyed. Even if, during theft process, material goods are not destroyed (such as cut locks, braked windows), these actions ruin and destroy social relationships between people in society.
Some people create and destroy values. Part of the time they can work at TV factory. And then, after work, they can go to steal, kill, plunder or rape. Human needs almost always are higher than personal abilities and resources, so some people try to satisfy their needs at the expense of others.
It is fairly easy to calculate material losses, when material values are stolen or destroyed. Although, during theft or destruction of material values, it can be harder to understand, how this also damages social relationships and why it is wrong to damage them. Nobody wants to harm themselves directly or indirectly, but crimes are done by socially stupid people. These people are able to calculate their personal material benefits from looted objects, but can’t realise full social damage of their actions to all society.
Burglaries, thefts, robberies and other similar crimes force society to waste money and time on protection of already existing values (on technological measures and personnel), preventing unlawful transfer of values from one place to another. It would be better to spend resources to create new values and pleasures. Weapons belong to the same wasteful category. Because they are designed not only to protect already existing values from transfer, but to destroy values of others as well. The more civilised, intelligent and conscious is society, the less it needs threats and supervision to maintain serenity. Behaviour of individuals can be regulated by individual's desire to have better life not only in his own yard, but also beyond it. Laws are substituted by voluntary decisions. People themselves, without help of a fist, understand, which of their actions destroy wealth and social relations, and which of them create them with reciprocal harmony.
What consequences have our bad behaviour with others.
Our personal example infects others to behave the same, including with us. Society is like swimming pool, in which we all sometimes swim. By pissing in it, not only we risk to drink urine of our own or others, but our children will be enjoying such pleasure as well. Rubbish, thrown in the forest, attracts other trash over time and recreation in nature turns into a trip to the dump field. Of course, sometimes government takes resources from our own pockets (in tax form) to clean up these dump fields.
If we destroy something, misappropriate or deceive... deceived, wronged people, who saw us doing that, associate our attributes, traits, facial and body characteristics with losses-evil-bad. Then, not only we personally, but, also, people, like us (including our children), with similar characteristics and traits, will have more problems dealing with others in the future.
For example, after rumours, that there is a raging maniac-murderer or a thief with black hairs, blue eyes and dressed green in the city, people will become suspicious towards all similar persons. Also, after announcement in the news, that gang of Lithuanians slaughters, robs and rapes local people... some amount of trust in Lithuanians and their value in society’s eyes will decrease, as Lithuanians will associate with danger and loss. It is easy to destroy reputation. It takes time for people to forget someone's bad deeds and large amount of offender’s efforts to compensate and recover good name, and good consequences, emerging from that, replacing bad ones, as response to previous bad actions.
Crimes increase anxiety, reduce feeling of security, tranquillity and peace of mind. This increases psychological discomfort and reduces ability to rest. Person without rest will work and create values worse and will be more often unwell physically too.
Crimes in society, also, promotes distrust and suspicions. People become more cautious and distrustful. This prolongs various negotiations. Group projects, which require trust, are delayed more, spending time to ensure credibility and reliability of partners and adding various security deposits, etc.. Sometimes, group projects, because of this, collapse or do not start at all.
To rob people or to steal physical assets or ideas from them, means to take away their valuables, received for physical and intellectual efforts or work. The loss of incentives-rewards for work, decreases enthusiasm and desire to work and achieve something in the future. People are not inclined to waste resources for nothing or losses. As a result, for example, robbed doctor, can be disappointed in life and society and you may not get new drug from some disease. And not only, because he will not get anything from that, but, also, because he will not see the need to save such mankind. After robbing an engineer, it may take longer for some invention to appear, that could improve mankind's leisure and so on.
To kill or to harm another person is easy. But it is also easy for others to kill or to hurt you. Not one martial-art master or bodybuilder lie in the ground with a hole in his head, made by bulled, emerged from dystrophic’s gun. You are one, and there are billions of others - quantitative ratio is obviously not in your favour. If others will develop desire to kill or to hurt you, you will not have any long-term chances to survive or to protect yourself. If self-destruction is not included in your plans... don’t do anything that would lead up to that. Don’t create enemies with your own example.
Death penalty as problem solution.
In society, where killing is national sport and every second citizen is professional killer and rapist with extensive experience, you may need it. Because, there will be not enough space in prisons for criminals to keep. But in advanced societies, with small amounts of condemned to die it's not worth it.
Example is contagious thing. Especially, when it is shown by authorities (eg. government). Example should be shown on the state (governmental) level for all members of society from the birth, that killing must NEVER be solution for ANY problem. Even cruel killers-maniacs must not be punished with death penalty. They need to be isolated from society for life. Such people could be visited by various criminal investigators, human psychology researchers and students, to analyse causes of criminal behaviour, in order to create methods, how to predict and change such behaviour, prevent its development. If possible, we should try to repair defective component (eg. in the brain), without destroying whole object (eg. human).
By doing crime, people pay for it with increased psychological stress in the future, including fear of persecution, because they creates enemies for themselves, searching for them. Quite often, criminal pay for his crimes with his freedom, the value of which is greater than personal gain, received from crime. Murder and robbery don’t create new values, but usually destroy people who do. Of course, when murderer kills murderer, world doesn’t get much worse from that. Also, without death penalty, it is easier to extract confession from criminals about committed crimes. If death penalty exists, criminals have everything to lose and would rather lie to the end.
Why you should not steal.
People, sometimes, facilitate their personal life around them with crimes against others and believe, that it is beneficial to commit crimes. It is similar, like planing journey to the mountains for a month and making “beneficial” decision to facilitate journey, by loading backpack with food for only few days, without fiddling self with heavy loads. Of course, there will be always possibility to steal from backpacks of other members of the group. Total amount of food will not increase from that - someone will have to eat less. And it may be the same person, who will hold the rope, on which thief will dangle. Team performance and trust in each other can be quite low, until thief is caught in such groups, when theft is noticed but not always announced. After thief is caught, he, most likely, will be separated from the group and will be never include in the future. And, if an accident will happen, willingness to rescue him will be less, as willingness to rescue honest person.
Why you should not lie.
Lying is misleading. Misled people make wrong decisions and this weakens their chances of survival for themselves and for people, who depend on them. If you lie to your partner (eg. you think or feel one thing, but say another), sometimes, you may gain some short term advantage over situation or partner, but you are still feeding him with wrong information and form wrong perception about yourself. Fed with wrong information, people are unable to assess situation correctly and make correct decisions, hurting themselves and others. Especially, when there is no one near, who knows the truth, to correct them. Instead of reliably protecting your back, misled person more often will be your weak spot in the future. Lies leads to misunderstandings and more difficult communication, ending in anger and separation. Lies leads to future, when help is necessary, but you will be left with wail “why no one believes and understands me?” and yourself only to blame. Person is not strong in how much and how well he can deceive himself and others, but in how much truth he is able to bear and handle. Lie is easy short term solution, but almost always backfires very hard later, especially, when others will figure out that you are liar.
Why you should be faithful and keep your promises.
Sexual rampage with others increases chances to become infected and to infect others with diseases and the same behaviour. It is unlikely to strengthen and improve relations in couple. By making love to someone, you are making love not only with that someone, but with every his partner and his partner’s partners (and so on) before you. The lovers also means, that part of your material and psychological resources you are secretly spending on someone else. If you've implied or pledged to be faithful and to spend your own resources on person you gave promises too only - such actions is secret theft. It is hard to create trust. Many years may be needed for that. Destroying trust is easy. It can be done instantly. Hurt person will never forget that. He can only forgive, if you will be able to compensate damage with something, what is valuable to hurt person (not to you). Adultery, like theft, increases distrust, instability, psychological discomfort, forces victims to take care about additional protection, wasting society's time and money. This leads to destruction of environment we are living in.
Why you should not fight.
In disputes of smart people truth emerges. Disputes of stupid people, usually, end up in with fights, in which both sides suffer physical and mental losses.
Why you should not be aggressive and should not act “tough”.
People may try to raise their value by acting-portraying themselves physically and psychologically better, than they really were and are. They may balloon themselves, like frogs, in order to look more menacing and bigger, than they actually are. Although, honest person, who really knows his own value in life and, especially, if that value is high, has no need to pretend, demonstrate or “lift” it artificially in front of others with acting, like specific face expressions or standing in poses with watermelons under armpits and between legs. Such acting gives away, that person has doubts about his own value or strength (also, in the eyes of others) and, therefore, he is trying to pretend-impersonate something, he is not.
Sometimes, people rise their value by artificially setting psychological and physical situations, when they are “walking away" and others are “flowing after” them. This implies, that “walking away” is needed (more valuable) by the one, who follows him (the one, who needs-lacks values). This “rises” value of “walking away” person... even, when that value is car audio in the hands of running away thief. It is useful to understand, when similar manipulations are taking place and use them as little as possible, because this is also form of deception-misleading, complicating dialogue.
Reformation of criminals and states.
By combating otherwise-minded (even entire states) with guns and brutal force, and not with information, we often cause more damage, than good, to environment. We should more often drop books, not bombs. Yes, it may be easier to explain and justify billions, spent on destruction of enemy, instead of prioritising mental reformation, to society, which lacks international empathy. Especially, when goal is to control and expropriate enemy’s resources. But international politics, as prison systems too, often don’t understand, that they should try to reconfigure persons thinking, and not just temporarily isolate them from environment and information, which could help reformation. Just by physically torturing criminals and otherwise-minded people, we will not make them more humane and brighter. In order to change mental state and health, we need to educate and explain, what and why is wrong not only for society, but for criminal himself. It is harder for mind to resist criminal behaviour, if mind can’t understand and comprehend, how short-term and short-sight gain is not worth long-term and far-sight losses. By torturing and killing others and by winning in such way, we spread such model of behaviour as “successful”. Then, we should expect, that others will adopt this model, as “successful”, and will try to use it against each other and against us more often. The best way to defeat your enemy is to make him your friend. It should be noted, that being friendly with one dictator, while he tortures and kills millions of his own, doesn’t count, as full-scale victory – you conquered just one mind, millions to go.
Recreating the same hell they escaped from.
It is okay, when people are coming from less developed countries in manageable amounts. They can see positive results of Western thinking, inform home and bring back these best-positive parts of the West to their own cultures. Also, they can bring something unique and new from their cultures for us to try and, maybe, if it is good, to adopt. The main problem is, that some people bring their old life style and thinking, which ruined their own country and life, from which they escaped, with them. Some people have primitive approach like “Those stupid westerners are so trusting and naive, they deserve to be fooled and deceived without shame.”. They understand Western trust among the people not as achievement of society, empowering and speeding up collective projects, not wasting resources on check-ups and security, like alarms and locks on doors, giving more relaxed physical state of mind and better physical health, but as a weakness and stupidity to be exploited. The best example, of relations and society in pure form, ruled by such primitive thinking, is where concentration of such people is densest – in prisons. If you think like neanderthal… welcome to your own.
Value is subjective.
Value of objects and events is determined by evaluators. Evaluator can be single being or group of beings. Value would not exist without evaluators. Value depends on size/rate of BENEFITS and DAMAGES brought by objects and events to evaluators. Beings, which value damages more, than benefits, usually, are killed off fast or slowly by their own preferences, leaving environment for those, who prefer benefits more, than damages. Human value also depends, on how much human can BENEFIT evaluators. Exactly the same object or event can have different value for different evaluators. Patient with diabetes will value more insulin, suffering from asthma person will value more bronchodilators. Mothers, often, value their own child more, than someone else's child or dog. Dog will attack and defend their own puppies more furious, than some human baby of some stranger. The same object or event can have different value for the same evaluator in different situations. For example, loaf of bread in “Auschwitz” can be more valuable than golden ring. In other situations, it can be reversed. Value of object or event is SUBJECTIVE and changes along with evaluators and situation in which they finds themselves. Value can be object of negotiations. Eternal values never existed and will not exist.
If one evaluator (or group of evaluators) suffers losses from event, while another evaluator (or a group of evaluators) receives benefits, there may be fight in order to stop or continue that event. It is difficult to reach agreement, when people throw around only “evil” and “good” terms as arguments, covering behind them their own specific selfish motives (pursuit of profit) without detailed explanation and analysis, why they perceive something as “good” or “evil”. People should logically state, why and how something is subjectively beneficial (“good”) or subjectively loss (“evil”). It is not productive to deal only in absolute terms of “good” and “evil”, imposing on others label of “evil” and label of “goodness” on self, as “objective” thing, in order to justify something. Fish may wish more water everywhere, but this is not so beneficial for some land animals. A clear understanding of each other's selfish motives and being honest at the same time, makes it easier to negotiate. Unfortunately, people deceive not only others, but themselves too, in order to view themselves in lighter colours. It is important to understand, what everyone really wants, and don’t pretend that you can’t understand your opponent. With incomprehension you can prove nothing to others, except, maybe, your own foolishness.
There are less conflicts, if differences between people are complementary, not contradictory. If people have different explanation for the same phenomenon – someone is wrong. There are no two different (contradictory) truths. Truth can be only one. Different (contradictory) can be opinions. And truth may be even not represented between those opinions at all.
Time and “time deceleration / acceleration” nonsenses...
Changes in the Universe are happening, because particles (or groups of particles) are moving, relatively to each other in space.
Big Bang started, because something happened before Big Bang... which ignited it. It could be very tiny event, movement. This means, that Universe wasn't static, unchanging or indivisible singularity before Big Bang. If changes, which ignited Big Bang, existed before Big Bang - time and space existed before it also – Big Bang didn't create them.
Space is not material object – it is emptiness between particles. In other words, space is lack of particles.
Time (like speed, position, or emptiness between particles) IS NOT material particle or object too. This is only theoretical, comparative measurement system for measuring and expressing, how much one particle (or group of particles) changed its (their) position in space, while other particle (or group of particles) changed some amount of its (their) position in space. Objects, to which we compare all other objects, can be named “clocks” or “rulers”, etc..
You can move or change only material objects - particles (or group of particles), changing their position in space (relatively to each other). You can't move space itself between particles - only by moving particles you can increase or decrease space (emptiness) between them. You can move particles in to one or another position (relatively to other particles), but not position itself, as position of particle is not material object, which you can push. Also... you can change or move around materially expressed values in your theoretical measurement systems, which describe properties of particles (or group of particles) and what's between them. For example, by heating and stretching plastic ruler, you can “increase” size of centimetres and in such way “decrease” size of all object in the Universe, which you measure with that ruler.
You can't move, cut, squeeze, stretch, bend or flex time itself (as space or speed) in reality, as some kind of material object. You can only create your own very „flexible” theoretical measurement systems. For example, you can say, that “time=sheet of paper” and then bend that sheet of paper in your imagination how you like it, or you can claim that “time=bucket” and then fill that bucket in your imagination with water – these fantasies are not reality – time IS NOT sheet of paper or bucket. People sometimes do not understand, that by inventing their own “flexible” measurement systems, stretching rulers or slowing down or speeding up clocks, they do not change actual properties, speed or distances between objects itself in reality.
Lets say, that you flew in space for several years at the speed of light and, after returning to Earth, noticed, that on Earth, during your flight, passed few thousand years... This means, that during your flight at the speed of light is slowed down NOT time, but only local physical processes - interaction speed between local material particles. Slowing down or acceleration of local physical processes IS NOT acceleration or slowing down of time, no matter, for what reason this event happens. If material pointer of the clock in spaceship began to spin slower than on Earth, because all local physical processes in spaceship slowed down, it does not mean that time has slowed down, as time itself is not slowing down, if rotation of clock's pointer starts to slowing down or stops, because clock …run out of batteries. After depleting battery or unrolling spring, when clock starts to go slower or stops – we do not say that “time has slowed down, stopped or began to accelerate”. Talking about “slowing down or acceleration of time” at the speed of light is just juggling with words and terms, in order to make greater impression on listeners and to look smarter, by providing more complicated explanation, than it really needs.
Of course, we can put clock-reference in our spaceship, according to which we SUBJECTIVELY will measure time in all Universe (or speed of all the particles in the Universe) and then we can “philosophize” that by comparison, accordingly to this clock, entire Universe began to accelerate or decelerate (depending on state of this clock's batteries). “Clocks” are particles or groups of particles, which move in regular, repeating trajectories, and we compare size of their position changes in space with size of position changes in space with other particles or group of particles (which are subjectively and usually are not assigned to category of “Clocks”). “Clocks” itself can be based on regular movements of other objects, like repeatable position changes of Earth.
You can speed up, slow down or stop movement of particles in space, or to restore local physical processes to its primary state (particle's position in space). This has nothing in common with travel through time. Time travel is nice idea, but totally absurd and only possible in science-fiction fantasies. It is impossible to travel through time as... through speed ... you can travel only faster or slower (in comparison to...).
Delfi.lt comment 2010 07 23 15:40
Lets agree on terms - a time machine, is a device, which for particular object changes only the time coordinate t, but does not change spatial coordinates x, y and z. If a time machine changes object's spatial coordinates x, y and z, this is hybrid of time machine and teleporter (teleporter changes spatial coordinates of the object instantly, without changing its coordinates of the time).
If you only have a time machine, it can lead to very bad situation, if you will not evaluate, that the Earth orbits around the Sun at 30 km/s, the Sun orbits around the centre of our galaxy at 220 km/s, and all our galaxy fly somewhere else. Therefore, if currently you are at coordinates x, y and z, then 1 second ago you were far away from x, y and z at least per 220 km. Thus, by travelling through time 1 sec. back, you will be in empty space 220 km away from Earth.
Something from nothing or... Universe from nothing by “Sai Baba” Krauss?
In order to defend his “something from nothing” idea, Lawrence Krauss started to adopt tactics of believers: “Common sense does not necessary apply to the Universe.” Sounds like Christian, talking about his God. Lawrence Krauss on Q&A - Science vs Religion - 18 Feb 2013.
Lawrence Krauss, otherwise brilliant scientists and defender of rationality, said in his lecture that nothing = “nothing isn't nothing any more... if you… get rid of all the particles, all the radiation, absolutely everything, so there is nothing there… that nothing weights something… nothing is boiling, bubbling brew of virtual particles that pooping in and out of existence in a time scale so short you can't see them”.
Dear "Sai Baba" Krauss, if you get rid of everything, you understand and know, and there is something unknown, you can't see and can't understand, still left and this something even weights, this... doesn't mean that you get rid of everything, and nothing left. This means, that something unknown to you still left and you don't call that SOMETHING UNKNOWN to you - “nothing”.
Unfortunately, Lawrence Krauss did exactly that and based title of his book on that. So... according to Krauss, “nothing” doesn't mean nothing, because there's something in that nothing... and only “absolute nothing” means nothing from now. Do “0” should mean large number than 0 and only “absolute 0” should mean 0 too? Recipe for publishing...
1. Claim inside the book that “Nothing is not nothing. Nothing is something.”
2. Name your book “Universe from nothing”
Why? Because “Universe from something” is not so impressive, revolutionary and will not catch so much attention. So, dear scientists, redefine and invent new meanings of words inside your books and then use these new meanings for titles. “Something is nothing”, “black is white”, “0 is 1”, “empty is full”... no limits for linguistic stunts. You can always use scientific apologetics and redefine meanings of words, like “nothing”, by saying “Nothing is not nothing. Nothing is something.” (Neil deGrasse Tyson) ...Of course, like... “0 is not 0. 0 is 1.” now. Please, dear scientists, spread nonsense, because nonsense by atheism is not as bad, as nonsense by religion, and will not cause problems in the future, like “god” of Einstein. Oh wait... this, actually, did cause problems and confusion.
Something=Existent. Nothing=non-Existent. Something can't appear from nothing in reality, as there is nothing in it, what could even initiate-cause appearance. As 0 can't transform to 1 from itself... unless something else or “miracle”, “god” or “quantum bullshit” will be involved. Problem here is not with science, problem is with language... it should be so simple to understand.
When people saw objects but not individual molecules, did they write books “Objects from nothing”? When people saw molecules, but not individual atoms, did they write books “Molecules from nothing”? When people saw atoms, but not individual electrons, protons and neutrons, did they write books “Atoms from nothing”? Why suddenly... to call SOMETHING UNKNOWN - “nothing”? Is it necessary to distort meaning of words in order to sell more books?
Rearrangement and creating new structures from already existent components is not something from absolutely nothing. Lawrence Krauss is like Michio Kaku – they both are trying to gain popularity with “sensational” claims and “stretched” statements in their topics. It would be normal in show business, but not in precise science. This will create problems later, like in case of Einstein’s God. It is not good, when claims violate simple rules of logic. It is like “I know that I know nothing” by Plato… it is understandable, what author wanted to say, but it is logically inaccurate and... beginning of the sentence contradicts its own end. We are sure that Plato knew more than only how to generate sentence to express his wrong knowledge that he “knew nothing”. He could say “I know that I know almost nothing in comparison with… ”. Now religious people will claim that Bible was right, because even scientist (Lawrence “Sai Baba” Krauss) confirm that God could create something from nothing and miracles are possible, when Jesus and mediums create something from nothing. Why not to admit, that Universe always existed and only changed its form and there is no need for Creator or claims that Universe created itself or God created it from Nothing. It is clear, that in nothing there is nothing even to initiate-begin-start process of creation or transformation in to Something. And almost Nothing (Something) is not the same and should not be confused with absolutely Nothing (Nothing) - it should be clear what scientist have in mind in their debates and they should not pervert meaning of words.
Happiness – feeling evoked by events, which are perceived as improvement, beneficial or increases chances of survival.
Strong state of happiness is called “joy”. Strength of happiness correlates with size of improvement, relative to what someone already had. For example: person, who had $1000, after wining in lottery another $1000, will be exited similarly, like a millionaire, who won a million, since they both will increase their money similar number of times.
With time, people get used, to what they have, and don't enjoy it as much, as in the beginning. Because happiness is more about rejoicing for improvement (newly obtained or experienced) and not for something, people already have for a long time. Happiness is quite temporary thing. Therefore, even smart and rich people, who, seems, have “everything” (or, simply put, people, who reached limits of possibilities, which could improve their current existence) can become and be unhappy. Especially, if they are unaware, how “happiness” is triggered and works.
Therefore, people in some poor countries can feel happier, than people in rich countries. This is partly, because people in rich countries already passed economic rise, which citizens of developing countries are facing right now. Amount of happiness depends not only on comparison with our own situation, but with situation of others. If everyone around is poor, it is easier to be happy. It is more difficult to be happy, if, while you are poor, someone near you is insanely rich. Then, improvements, relatively big in comparison with your own existing conditions, but miserable in comparison with existing conditions of rich neighbour, are not so impressive and don’t give as much joy as they could.
Conditions for happiness should be build (created) by oneself. People should not concentrate only on search for those, who have more, in order to take as many from them as possible. Happiness, as resources, does not multiply from constant taking from others. In such cases, it usually only moves from one pocket, to another. Although, happiness can be triggered by voluntary giving – through feeling of self usefulness and therefore increasing your own social value/status in society. Sharing with others, if something does not give us joy, but will make others very happy, is recommended also, in order to make our surroundings, in which we live, happy and peaceful place.
How brain triggers happiness (chemically), maybe could be understood by analysing how operates LSD drug.